In the first scene of “Holes,” they use a large depth of field to show how vast the land that the juveniles are digging holes in actually is. Using a large depth of field shows that there is nothing in a large radius of the youth and to express the amount of holes that have been dug already. The use of lighting was also important for this shot. They use the natural sunlight to show that they are working during the day time and helps to express how hot it is. The transition used from the large depth of field to the next shot of a young kid, nicknamed barfbag, was rhythmic montage. This was to show the cramped space of the holes they were in and where the kids actually were.
In this second scene, they used shallow depth of field to show the emotion of barfbag and the struggle he was going through. They also used
composition and rule of thirds when they were showing the rattle snake and barfbag. They showed the snake in focus with barfbag behind it, out of focus. It then switched focus to his foot and then panned upwards towards his face.
After this scene, metric montage is used to switch to a city with a young boy, Stanley, walking home. This switch is used to show how the boy got out to the desert they showed in the first scene. As this scene continues it cuts to the same boy riding on a bus, in a desert, with handcuffs on. During this scene a large depth of field was used to show the bus driving along in an empty desert. It then cuts to Stanley riding on the bus with a shallow depth of field to show his expressions and also shows his handcuffs to show he has gotten in trouble with the law.
This same scene has rhythmic montage. The scene starts with the Stanley staring at someone or something. When the camera changes it shows a security guard staring back at Stanley with no emotions. The camera goes back to Stanley who then attempts to smile at the guard. The camera goes back to the guard who then turns his head to stare out the front window as if he is annoyed with Stanley. Stanley then turns to face the window with an upset look on his face.
After this takes place the movie switches back to Stanley in the city where it left off before. This time the scene is in a large depth of field to show more of the city and Stanley running. Then the cops appear in the background and then capture him. This scene was used to show why he had handcuffs on while riding in the bus and to show why he is in trouble. This gives the viewer to different timelines at once so they can connect to two parts together and show time elapsing during the bus ride to the desert.